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PEMA, TT Club and ICHCA International publish recommendations on container yard equipment safety

December 20, 2012 – The Port Equipment Manufacturers Association, TT Club and ICHCA International have jointly published recommended minimum safety features for container yard equipment, identifying features and functional requirements to improve the safety of people, equipment and cargo.

The impetus for the joint publication, entitled Recommended Minimum Safety Features for Container Yard Equipment, came from global analysis of more than 4,000 claims made over a six-year period by port and terminal operators insured with the TT Club*. The analysis revealed that 53% of the total cost of claims and 75% of the cost of injury claims related to yard equipment. Additionally, 67% of costs related to fires were attributed to yard equipment.

“These findings point to a heavy concentration of avoidable incidents,” said Laurence Jones, TT Club’s Director of Global Risk. “Analysis of the Club’s data shows that up to 1,600 claims amounting to USD130 million resulted from yard incidents. Changes to operational procedure, additional training and/or fitting safety equipment to machinery could significantly reduce these claims.” For example, lift trucks were involved in 30% of bodily injury claims analysed, mainly as a result of trucks reversing into people. The simple installation of collision prevention devices could potentially have saved USD30 million and prevented 51 workers from being killed or suffering serious injury over the six-year period.

In the new document, the three organisations have pooled the respective expertise of their members to identify ways that port and terminal operators can minimise yard safety risks by adopting equipment features and technologies proven to reduce injury or damage, but which are not currently standard. The document covers all major types of container yard crane and mobile equipment, including RTGs, RMGs, ASCs, straddle carriers, lift trucks and reach stackers, AGVs and terminal tractors.

The Recommendations address key risk items such as collisions, high winds and storms, overloaded or misdeclared container weights, people being caught under wheels or falling between moveable parts of equipment, equipment fires, drivers being overcome by emissions and more.  Tables and illustrations clearly list the major safety risks, features and functional requirements for each of the equipment types.

The three organisations stress that international, national and local regulations are mandatory, while these Recommendations are voluntary. The three bodies also recognise that technology alone will not eradicate all incidents and that installation of safety equipment and systems should always be adopted in parallel with routines, training, effective maintenance and good yard design and operations. However, the hope of all three bodies is that these minimum recommended safety features will be adopted generally by equipment suppliers and buyers both on new and existing equipment to improve safety levels at the world’s ports.

“I would like to thank all those at PEMA, TT Club and ICHCA International who collected, analysed and presented the data on this project,” said Stephan Stiehler, Chair of the PEMA Safety Committee and Strategic Industry Manager, Ports & Cranes at German port technology manufacturer SICK. “Working together, we have produced a document that we feel offers unique value to the global container handling industry to define where and how safety levels could be increased.”

The full Recommendations can be downloaded at, where PEMA’s growing body of Information Papers, Surveys and Recommendations are also available. If you would like to request a hard copy, please contact us at

Chart:  TT Club Global Analysis of Yard Equipment Claims in Ports and Terminals (By Cost of Claims)

*The TT Club analysis was based on a total of over 4,000 claims valued above USD10,000 received over a six year period from operators of container terminals, yards and other container handling facilities with a total cost of USD341 million.
For more information about this media release, please contact the PEMA Secretariat: 

Fae Brennan, PEMA Head of Administration:
Mob: +44 7766 228 958
Tel: +44 2034 093 100


About PEMA

The Port Equipment Manufacturers Association provides a forum and public voice for the global port equipment and technology sectors, reflecting their critical role in enabling safe, secure, sustainable and productive ports and thereby supporting world maritime trade.

Chief among the aims of the Association is to foster good relations within the world port equipment and technology community, by providing a forum for the exchange of views on global trends in design, manufacture and operation. PEMA also aims to promote and support the global role of the equipment and technology industries, by raising awareness with the media, customers and other stakeholders; forging relations with other port industry associations and bodies; and contributing to best practice initiatives.

PEMA’s growing membership represents a cross-section of port equipment OEMs; suppliers of equipment and other terminal technologies including brakes, cables and reels, cabins, drive controls, automation and electrification systems, lighting and tyres; providers of software applications, process automation and other advanced data technologies, and consultants in the field of port design, equipment and technology.



The TT Club is the international transport and logistics industry’s leading provider of insurance and related risk management services. Established in 1968, the Club’s membership comprises ship operators, ports and terminals, road, rail and airfreight operators, logistics companies and container lessors.The Club is well capitalised and backed by an AM Best-A (Excellent) financial strength rating. It has four underwriting centres in London, New Jersey, Hong Kong and Sydney and a network of claims offices in a further 16 countries.

The Club is committed to excellent service and has worked with brokers over many years to tailor propositions to the specific needs of clients. A personalised claims service is supported by a philosophy of being at the members’ sides and the Club takes a sympathetic approach to paying claims. The Club also has a dedicated risk professionals, who run an innovative risk management and loss prevention programme to provide information on good practice, legal and industry developments.



ICHCA International is the only global association dedicated to the promotion of safety and efficiency in the handling and movement of goods by all modes and throughout the supply chain.

Originally established in 1952 and incorporated in 2002, the Association operates through a series of local, national and regional Chapters, Expert Panels, Working Groups and Correspondence Groups and represents the cargo handling world at various international organisations, including the International Maritime Organization (IMO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Labour Organization (ILO) and ISO, the International Organization for Standardization.

ICHCA International members include ports, terminals, transport companies and other groups associated with cargo handling and coordination. Members of its Panels represent a substantial cross-section of senior experts and professionals from all sectors of the cargo handling and logistics industry globally. Members benefit from consulting services and informative publications dealing with technical matters, best practice advice and cargo handling news.